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994K Wheel Loader

  • OVERVIEW
  • SPECIFICATIONS
  • STANDARD / OPTIONAL
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series' legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It's important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

Engine
  • Net Power - 1739 HP
  • Engine Model - Cat® 3516E
  • Bore - 6.7 in
  • Stroke - 8.5 in
  • Displacement - 4766 in³
  • Rated Speed - 1,600 rpm
  • Emissions - U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
  • Gross Power - ISO 14396 - 1847 HP
  • Gross Power - SAE J1995 - 1870 HP
  • Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient - 1739 HP
  • Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J1995 - 8549 lb/ft
  • Torque Rise - 39%
  • Operating Specifications
  • Operating Weight - 534852 lb
  • Bucket Capacity Range - 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
  • Rated Payload - High Lift - 42 t
  • Rated Payload - Standard - 45 t
  • Transmission
  • Transmission Type - Cat Planetary Power Shift
  • Forward - 1 - 4.6 mile/h
  • Forward - 2 - 8 mile/h
  • Forward - 3 - 13.6 mile/h
  • Reverse - 1 - 5 mile/h
  • Reverse - 2 - 8.8 mile/h
  • Reverse - 3 - 14.9 mile/h
  • Direct Drive - Forward 1 - Lock-up disables
  • Direct Drive - Forward 2 - 8.7 mile/h
  • Direct Drive - Forward 3 - 15.2 mile/h
  • Direct Drive - Reverse 1 - Lock-up disables
  • Direct Drive - Reverse 2 - 9.6 mile/h
  • Direct Drive - Reverse 3 - 16.8 mile/h
  • Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt
  • Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke - 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in)
  • Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke - 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in)
  • Lift/Tilt System - Circuit - Positive Flow Control
  • Lift/Tilt System - Pump - Variable Displacement Piston
  • Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed - 541 gal/min
  • Pilot System - Open Loop and Pressure Reducing
  • Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt - 4587 psi
  • Hydraulic Cycle Times
  • Raise - 12.6 s
  • Dump - 3.1 s
  • Lower Float Down - 4.2 s
  • Rack Back - 4.9 s
  • Complete System Fill
  • Cooling System - 138 gal (US)
  • Differential - Final Drives - Front - 220 gal (US)
  • Differential - Final Drives - Rear - 200 gal (US)
  • Engine Crankcase - 76 gal (US)
  • Fuel Tank - Standard - 910 gal (US)
  • Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment - 1500 gal (US)
  • Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan - 270 gal (US)
  • Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking - 100 gal (US)
  • Transmission - 110 gal (US)
  • Buckets
  • Bucket Capacities - 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
  • Axles
  • Front - Fixed
  • Rear - Trunnion
  • Oscillation Angle - 9°
  • Brakes
  • Brakes - ISO 3450:2011
  • Sound Performance - Standard
  • Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) - 119 dB(A)
  • Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent - 72 dB(A)
  • Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* - 72 dB(A)
  • Hydraulic System - Steering
  • Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed - 259 gal/min
  • Relief Valve Setting - Steering - 4496 psi
  • Steering System - Circuit - Pilot, Load Sensing
  • Steering System - Pump - Piston, Variable Displacement
  • Total Steering Angle - 80 degrees
  • Complete System Fill
  • Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV) - 137 gal (US)
  • Note - *Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.
  • Oil Renewal System (ORS)* - 20 gal (US)
  • Cooling System
  • Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent) - 131 °F
  • Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final) - 127.4 °F
  • Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard - 109.4 °F
  • Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
  • B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift - 31.7 ft
  • Clearance at Maximum Lift - 23.3 ft
  • Dump Angle at Maximum Lift - –50.0 degrees
  • Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip - 23.3 ft
  • Ground to Bumper Clearance - 4.4 ft
  • Ground to Center of Axles - 6 ft
  • Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance - 2.9 ft
  • Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks - 23.2 ft
  • Ground to Top of Hood - 18.6 ft
  • Ground to Top of ROPS - 23.4 ft
  • Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised - 41.2 ft
  • Maximum Overall Length - 66 ft
  • Note - Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
  • Rack Angle at Maximum Lift - 59.4 degrees
  • Rack Back Angle - Carry - 53.7 degrees
  • Rack Back Angle - Ground Level - 45.0 degrees
  • Reach - Maximum Lift - 8.8 ft
  • Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper - 20.4 ft
  • Tread Width - 14.1 ft
  • Wheel Base - 22.3 ft
  • Width - Over Tires - With Bulge - 18.8 ft
  • Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
  • B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift - 28.8 ft
  • Clearance at Maximum Lift - 20.2 ft
  • Dump Angle at Maximum Lift - –50.0 degrees
  • Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip - 21.3 ft
  • Ground to Bumper Clearance - 4.4 ft
  • Ground to Center of Axles - 6 ft
  • Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance - 2.9 ft
  • Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks - 23.2 ft
  • Ground to Top of Hood - 18.6 ft
  • Ground to Top of ROPS - 23.4 ft
  • Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised - 38.6 ft
  • Maximum Overall Length - 64 ft
  • Note - Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
  • Rack Angle at Maximum Lift - 59.5 degrees
  • Rack Back Angle - Carry - 47.7 degrees
  • Rack Back Angle - Ground Level - 39.7 degrees
  • Reach - Maximum Lift - 9.3 ft
  • Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper - 20.4 ft
  • Tread Width - 14.1 ft
  • Wheel Base - 22.3 ft
  • Width - Over Tires - With Bulge - 18.8 ft
  • Engine
  • Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient - 1696 HP
  • Note (1) - The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
  • Note (2) - The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
  • Note (3) - The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
  • Note (4) - *Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
  • Hydraulic Cycle Times
  • Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket - 23.5 s
  • Hydraulic System - Steering
  • Steering Cycle Times - High Idle - 4.3 s
  • Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle - 7.6 s
  • Operating Specifications
  • Bucket Capacity Range - Coal - 32.1-43.6 m3 (42-57 yd3)
  • Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore - 22.3 yd³
  • Bucket Capacity Range - Rock - 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
  • Sound Performance - Standard
  • Note - *EU Stage V ready.
  • Sound Performance - The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
  • Sound Performance - Suppression
  • Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) - 117 dB(A)
  • Note - *EU Stage V ready.
  • Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent - 71 dB(A)
  • Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* - 71 dB(A)
  • Sound Performance - The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
  • Transmission
  • Note - Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.
  • Standard Equipment
  • ELECTRICAL
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • POWER TRAIN
  • OTHER
  • Optional Equipment
  • POWER TRAIN
  • ELECTRICAL
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
  • SPARE RIMS
  • MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS